There's no doubt that we've got to master the signs and symptoms, and associated interventions, of both respiratory and cardiac emergencies. Every situation we face starts with assessing the ABC"s -- Airway, Breathing, and Circulation -- as these represent true emergencies, where it really can be a matter of life-or-death.
EMTs in NJ have a relatively limited scope of practice when it comes to actually treating medical issues. Other than supplying Oxygen and providing or assisting with a very limited set of medications, we mostly provide comfort care and transport for most medical issues.
Of course, CPR is also a critical skill we can apply... one that we always hope isn't actually needed by any of our patients.
While the heart is responsible for pumping blood through the lungs for oxygenation, and then moving the oxygenated blood itself to the tissues and organs throughout the body, it is itself a muscle that also requires oxygenated blood to effectively pump. So any disruption in how the body is obtaining and utilizing air through the upper and lower airways (including the lungs) can cause issues for the heart as well.
And things roll downhill quickly from there on... Because having to perform CPR means that someone is having a really, really, really bad day....
And when I had to step up and "play EMT", I found patients with kidney stones or a tension pneumothorax (aka a collapse lung), each of which required a different set of focused physical exams or interventions be considered (and, in some cases, rejected -- for example, a patient with a suspected pneumothorax wouldn't tolerate well receiving assisted ventilation, as the additional pressure introduced in to the lungs would only serve to exacerbate their issues, rather than providing them comfort).
I'm not normally a big fan of role playing, but it is a useful way to not only practice the EMT skills, but also (as a patient) think about the pertinent signs and symptoms someone might actually present. Plus I got to fake vomiting on one of my classmates, which was good fun. At least for me.
| || |
We also spent time practicing an updated approach to CPR (called High Performance CPR), which is being introduced as part of the American Heart Associations 2015 CPR guidelines update.
High Performance CPR includes an increased focus on maintaining high quality compressions in situations where an AED unit is being applied, in order to maximize blood flow to the patients brain as much as we possibly can.
We'll be moving forward now with both lectures and practical skills related to a wider gamut of medical emergencies including gastrointestinal, neurological, endocrine and gynecological disorders, as well as toxicological (overdose, poisonings) and psychiatric disorders, which I'm sure will give the instructors no end of enjoyment as they throw more and more scenarios at us.
Two more weeks until midterms, and sometimes I feel like we're just scratching the surface. But then I look back and what we've covered (and what is starting to feel normal and natural to me), and realize that the journey has actually been pretty far already.